average altitude over 4000m above sea level,
Lays under the ancient Sea of Tethys. Eighty
million years ago, India crashed into Asia,
pushing up the Himalayas, lifting the ocean
bottom above water, and creating this magical
land. Mystical land, Shangri-La, Forbidden
Country: Tibet has many names and inspires an
air of mystical dreams. However, Tibet is real
and a beautiful place to travel. It possesses a
unique culture, firmly rooted in Tibetan
religion, but with strong influence from the
geography of the Himalayas, and the neighboring
civilizations of India and China.
Geographically, Tibet can be divided into three
major parts - north, south and east. The eastern
part is forest region, occupying approximately
one-fourth of the land. Virgin forests run the
entire breadth and length of this part of Tibet.
The northern part is open grassland, where
nomads and yak and sheep dwell here. This part
occupies approximately half of Tibet. The
southern and central part is agricultural
region, occupying about one-fourth of Tibet's
land area. All major Tibetan cities and towns
such as Lhasa, Shigatse, Gyantse and Tsetang are
located in this area and are considered the
cultural center of Tibet.
Spiritual traditions, monasteries, Lakes/Rivers,
mighty snow clad peaks, land rich in mountains,
monks, mystery and adventures just a few of the
intoxicating wonders to be experienced by
adventurous travelers who get the opportunity to
visit this land.
The Tibetan population numbers some 2.3
millions. Living at an average elevation of
4000m, these are a deeply devout people, whose
practices include the use of prayer wheels
(whose every turn creates merit for the devotee)
and prayer flags (marking high passes and
religious places), as well as mani stones
(inscribed with the universal mantra Om mani
padme hum and other religious texts).
A visa is required to enter Tibet, Autonomous
Region of China. This can be obtained from the
Chinese Embassy in Kathmandu. Two passport-sized
photographs are needed.
Access to Tibet:
China South-West airlines flies to Lhasa from
Kathmandu, Chengdo, Xian, Chong.